Federal law requires businesses who employ 50 or more people to abide by the terms of the Family Medical Leave Act. Signed into law by President Clinton in 1993, FMLA provides job protection and unpaid leave of up to 12 weeks to employees going through specific family oriented situations.
Many women use FMLA in conjunction with short-term disability when they have a baby. Doing so allows a woman to take 12 weeks of unpaid leave and provides time necessary to both physically recover and bond with a newborn baby. Sadly, despite the existence of federal laws such as FMLA, some employers actively seek to discriminate against women and mothers.